We know the energy industry. Right down to the smallest detail.

Until the end of the last decade the structure of companies in the energy industry was never really questioned. Procedures were clearly defined in all regional units and stages of the value chain, while divisions were managed based on the rationale of the market. Since around 2008 especially electricity trading has gained in importance and the regional control rationale has been replaced by greater functional control in all stages of the value chain. Increased cost pressures have forced the major producers to take overall control of their conventional production portfolios. Changes in energy policy, the regulations of the Renewable Energies Act (EEG) and an increasing remunicipalisation have strengthened the position of public utilities companies. In particular big public utilities companies and grid companies have increasingly entered into competition with the big energy companies.

Today the big energy companies have to contend with high clean-up costs for contaminated sites. Long-term standstill agreements between unions, management and shareholder representatives are today no longer tenable. The energy transition has resulted in significant organisational upheaval.